All over the Arab World horses became status symbols for the rich and powerful. They were very scarce due to all the obvious problems of raising horses in the desert but Royal and wealthy people took breeding seriously all the same.
Mahomet used horse to great effect in his Holy Wars. They proved faster and more manoeuvrable than camels.
It was Mahomet who directed that horses should be bred by the faithful (Moslems) so that they would be better prepared to gallop out and spread the Faith of Islam. The Order from the Prophet, enshrined in the Koran meant that horse breeding began to spread among the Bedouin and the true Arabian breed began.
The Bedouin had to raise their horses under the most difficult conditions. They were poor but driven on by religious belief. They had no crops to speak of and rather unreliable water supplies.
Horses were raised on Barley, Dates and Camel’s milk. Under these awkward conditions the Bedouin took care to breed only the best possible horses. The Bedouin’s horses were part of their families. They ate their food and lived in their tents. Arabian horses are still animals which enjoy and seek human company.